Nikolayevich Muraviev-Amursky, the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia Nikolai entered the "Port May" bay on his corvette-vessel called "America".
"What a magnificent port!
We will own the East right from here!"
― these prophetic words determined the future of Vladivostok and its destiny - to be a seaport.
Muravyov-Amursky, the Governor-General of Eastern Siberia gives an order to Petr Vasilievich Kazakevich, the Military Governor of the Primorsky Region, to establish a port in the harbor of Vladivostok.
"Vladivostok itself is designated for extensive marine trade in the country's domestic products. Located in the center of the rich bays and inland roads, having a huge, completely quiet raid ... this place should eventually become a very important commercial port"
Russian Emperor Nicholas II approves the "Regulations" on the construction of a commercial port in Vladivostok in the Golden Horn Bay. 600,000 rubles were allocated for research works and berths facilities. The construction was carried out with the most advanced, at that time, domestic and foreign technologies, the best specialists from different cities of Russia were involved into the construction process.
The first concrete massifs are being laid for the berths construction of Commercial Port of Vladivostok.
Three years later Vladivostok acquires the modern port features. The number of commercial ships is increasing. In 1897 there were 246 ship calls, then in 1900 – the number was increased up to 436. Cargo turnover of the port has grown from 187,750 tons to 411,460 tons for this period.
The Russian government approved new official documents, where Vladivostok port was officially named as "Commercial Port of Vladivostok".
After the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. Vladivostok for several years remained the only Russian international port in the Pacific. The port exported grain cargo, serviced coastal shipping, tat doubled between 1909 and 1914, and ensured transit trade between Manchuria and Russia.
World War I. Commercial Port of Vladivostok becomes the main port of Russia. The dramatically increased cargo flow (from food to steam locomotives and military vehicles transported from the US) required an urgent port reconstruction. To implement the project, the Russian government allocates 1.7 million rubles.
The production base laid in tsarist Russia allowed the port to function smoothly for many years after the October Revolution of 1917 and the establishment of Soviet power in the country.
1941 - 1945 years. The Great Patriotic War. Port workers fought on the fronts and contested the victory on the home fronts. During the war years, when the Baltic and Black Seas were blocked by the enemy, arms, foodstuffs, machinery and medicines were delivered to Vladivostok through land-leases from the ports of the Pacific coast of the United States. Then the cargo was being delivered to the front by the Trans-Siberian Railway.
10 million tons was a general cargo flow that passed through the berths of Commercial Port of Vladivostok during the Great Patriotic War. In victorious 1945 the port was recognized as the all-Union leader of high-speed vessels processing.
During the first post-war years there was the rise of the Far East economy. Old enterprises started to operate in Vladivostok, new ones appeared as well. In these conditions, local cargo transportation becomes particularly important.
The port of Vladivostok becomes the naval base of the Pacific Fleet. The commercial component of the port is reduced significantly. It becomes "closed" for foreign vessels.
The port of Vladivostok starts a large-scale reconstruction process.
Here appears the latest technology for those years - plate conveyors, forklifts, forklift trucks for bulk cargo, plant for draining vegetable oil from tankers, floating crane with a carrying capacity of one hundred tons.
The construction and reconstruction of all the most important industrial, household and economic facilities is being carried out. The port's appearance was radically updated.
The USSR top leadership initiates a series of political and economic reforms aimed at large-scale changes in all spheres of Soviet society life. All the reforms were called "Perestroika". These reforms led to destabilization of the country's political system and the collapse of the Soviet economy. Commercial Port of Vladivostok, unlike many other enterprises, managed to survive during the period of political and economic instability.
Commercial Port of Vladivostok, after forty years of being in the "closed" status, becomes international port.
The company celebrated its 100th anniversary. During the century of service, Commercial Port of Vladivostok has handled 283 163 600 tons of cargo.
Commercial Port of Vladivostok broke its own record, breaking the 5-million mark by the volume of handled cargo. The cargo turnover amounted to 5,331.5 thousand tons.
Commercial Port of Vladivostok exceeds the previously unavailable result - six million tons of handled cargo following the result of twelve months work.
JSC "Commercial Port of Vladivostok" is recognized by the Association of Russian Sea Ports as the best stevedoring company in Russia.
The largest investment program is being carried out at JSC "Commercial Port of Vladivostok".
Unprecedented over the past 25 years, not only for the Vladivostok port, but also for the ports of the Russian Far East in general, the supply of reloading equipment has become the most significant event of the year.
The receipt of four ZPMC container loaders - two of "STS" berth type and two of "RMG" rear loaders type, arrived within the framework of the strategic development project to increase the capacities of container handling at Commercial Port of Vladivostok. That has become the key to further container handling growth and reaching a level of 650 thousand TEU by 2015.
The construction works on container terminal based on berths No. 14-15 were completed. Reconstruction of the berthing was completed, new crane tracks were laid, engineering networks were modernized, sewage treatment facilities were built. Also, a site for storage of refrigerated containers was built and put into operation with the possibility of a one-time storage of 180 units. The total investment was up to 718 million rubles.
Based on the results of 2008, the Company has again been recognized by the Association of Russian Sea Ports as the best stevedoring company in Russia.
The container component is most actively developing in Vladivostok. For the period 2009-2011, after carrying out the necessary works on modernization and reorientation of production capacities of several berths, purchase of specialized handling equipment, the volume of container cargo handling was doubled. Containers take 54% of all port cargo turnover.
The result of twelve months work of 2011, equal to 432062 TEU, led the company to the leaders in terms of container handling among regional ports. The share of Commercial Port of Vladivostok in the total container turnover of the Russian Far East port complex became 38%.
At the same time, the company continues to work with such cargo as different types of metals, motor vehicles, grain, lumber/timber cargo, cellulose, coke (fuel).
The Vladivostok Commercial Sea Port becomes a full member of the FESCO Transport Group, one of the largest Russian transport and logistics companies established on the basis of the Far Eastern Shipping Company.
Since early 2014, the company has handled more than 500 thousand TEU, setting an absolute record on the volume of container handling in the ports of the Far East of Russia. Not a single stevedoring company in the region had previously achieved this figure even after the results of the whole year. 500,000-th TEU was handled at the port on December 22.
Commercial Port of Vladivostok made a great shift in development. A number of changes were made in the Port to improve operational efficiency, in particular, due to the optimization of existing areas, the storage capacity of warehouses was increased, more than 25 units of new handling equipment were purchased, the capacities for one-time storage of grain cargo were increased, and the average containers storage period was reduced.
In August 2017, the Commercial Port of Vladivostok handled the historical maximum of the cargo volume – at the same time, the port accommodated more than 18,000 TEU.
On December 8, 2017, the company set a historic record for the processing of rail wagons - 572 rail wagons per day.
December 31, 2017. Cargo turnover of Commercial Port of Vladivostok was increased by 33% to the level of 2016 and reached a historic maximum of 7.5 million tons of cargo of various types. This is an absolute record for 120 years of the port operation. In 2017, every second vessel was processed ahead of schedule.
In April 2018, the company was recognized as the best company of the Primorsky Region for the period of 2017.
Грузооборот ВМТП по итогам 12 месяцев 2018 года вырос на 39% к уровню 2017 года и достиг максимальных значений за всю историю порта – 10,4 млн тонн грузов различной номенклатуры.
В 2018 году контейнерооборот порта достиг исторического максимума – 551 тыс. TEU.
В декабре 2018 года ВМТП ввел в эксплуатацию два новых козловых рельсовых крана RMG (rail mounted gantry) на контейнерном терминале.
Новая техника позволит на 15-20% повысить скорость обработки растущего объема контейнеров.
В 2018 году ВМТП продолжил программу модернизации производственных мощностей порта. В рамках этой программы в течение года парк перегрузочной техники ВМТП пополнился 16 единицами: терминальными тягачами, ричстакерами, автопогрузчиками грузоподъёмностью от 2,5 до 35 тонн.